Memorial panel

Memorial panel commemorating the donors who contributed to the rebuilding of the Jewish hospital destroyed by fire in 1811
Bratislava, 1811

The Jewish hospital, which provided for the social needs of the Jewish community in Bratislava’s Castlemount, was founded in October 1710 in a leased building in Zuckermandel owned by the Bratislava burgher Andreas Naszvády and his wife Maria Elisabeth, neé Harrein. The contractual lease between him and the Jewish community was set for 12 years on the condition that after expiry of the lease period and its subsequent prolongation, the real estate would become the property of the community after 1726. The Chevra Kadisha, the society caring for the sick and providing burial services, whose origins dated back to the 1690s, was in charge of the hospital. Daily care for ill members of the community and the allocation of necessary medication was free of charge; the hospital was used not only by locals, but also by strangers passing through the town. The hospital’s rooms were also allocated to the poorest families in distress as a temporary solution to their problems. In 1756 the building underwent an unspecified adaptation. Jewish doctors who had studied at foreign universities in Germany and Italy worked here, among them Marcus Menzer, Michael Hirschel, Israel Walmarin and Marcus Moses. At the time of the great fire of Bratislava Castle, on 28 May 1811, the hospital building was destroyed. Thanks to an extensive charitable drive among Jewish community members, the hospital was quickly restored. In order to commemorate this event, the secretary of the Jewish community, Ber Halevi Frank (1777-1845), painted a memorial chart depicting the tragic event, and an alphabetical list of all donors (299 names in total, the original version containing one more donor). Owing to the damage of the paper material, the graphic letter was restored by Zalman Leib Abeles on the occasion of the event‘s 70th anniversary. [DP]

Paper, ink, tempera
Height: 89.5 cm, width: 60 cm
ŽM-D 1607 A-30a

VÁMOSSY, István: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Medicin in Pressburg. Bratislava 1902.

SCHAY, Max: Die Protokolle der „Chewra Kadischa“ der jüdischen Gemeinde in Pressburg.
In: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Juden in der Tschechoslowakei, vol. 3, 1932/1933, pp. 71-88, 152-165.

OESTERREICHER, J.: Židovský špitál kedysi a dnes. In: GOLD, Hugo et al.:
Židovská náboženská obec v Bratislave v minulosti a súčasnosti. (Brno 1932) Bratislava 2011, pp. 66-73.